Russian Federation

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June 07, 2024

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CBR Kept the Key Rate Stable at 16% despite Increasing Inflation
Paying Article

June 7, 2024 12:57 PM UTC

Bottom Line: Central Bank of Russia (CBR) announced on June 7 that it decided to keep the policy rate unchanged at 16% for the fourth meeting in a row, but signalled that a rate hike is possible in the near term to tame the stubborn price pressures stemming from high military spending, tight labour

May 08, 2024

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Ukraine War Update: Major Russian Offensive is Expected This Summer Despite U.S. Military Aid
Paying Article

May 8, 2024 12:06 PM UTC

Bottom Line: The offensives at the front lines started to pick up steam after March/April as the Russian forces plan for their larger summer 2024 offensive operation, aiming to seize more territory before the U.S. presidential elections in November. In the meantime, U.S. approved a $61 billion warti

May 03, 2024

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Russian Economy Expands by 4.2% YoY in March, and 5.4% in Q1
Paying Article

May 3, 2024 2:14 PM UTC

Bottom Line: According to the figures announced by the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Russia's GDP grew by 4.2% YoY in March owing to strong fiscal stimulus, high military spending, invigorating consumer demand and investments. We now foresee Russian economy will expand by 2.6% in 2024

April 26, 2024

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CBR Kept the Key Rate Stable at 16%
Paying Article

April 26, 2024 1:12 PM UTC

Bottom Line: As widely expected, Central Bank of Russia (CBR) announced on April 26 that it decided to keep the policy rate unchanged at 16% for the third meeting in a row. CBR made critical changes in its key rate and inflation forecasts as it lifted its 2024 inflation forecast to 4.3-4.8% from 4-4

April 22, 2024

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EM Europe/CIS: Country Risk Ratings
Paying Article

April 22, 2024 9:00 AM UTC

We provide country risk reviews for EM Europe/CIS countries including Russia and Ukraine. 

April 11, 2024

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Russian Economy Expands by a Strong 7.7% YoY in February
Paying Article

April 11, 2024 7:38 PM UTC

Bottom Line: According to preliminary figures announced by the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Russia's GDP grew by 7.7% YoY in February after expanding by 4.6% in January, owing to strong fiscal stimulus, high military spending, invigorating consumer demand and investments. We foresee R

April 10, 2024

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Russia’s Inflation Remained Steady at 7.7% in March
Paying Article

April 10, 2024 8:21 PM UTC

Bottom Line: After hitting 7.4% YoY in January and December, the inflation rate remained stable at a one-year peak of 7.7% YoY in March after February. We think stubborn price pressures continue to be strong due to high military spending, currency weakening particularly after March 11, tight labour

April 03, 2024

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March Outlook: Europe in Focus, Then Elections Around the World
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April 3, 2024 9:00 AM UTC

April 02, 2024

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Asset Allocation: Pausing for Breath
Paying Article

April 2, 2024 9:00 AM UTC

Into Q2, data and policy (actual and perceived) will dominate DM markets. The ECB will likely take the spotlight with a 25bps cut on June 7, as the Fed face a better growth/more fiscal policy expansion and a tighter labor market than the EZ but also with a better productivity backdrop and outlook to

March 27, 2024

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March Outlook: Europe in Focus, Then Elections Around the World
Paying Article

March 27, 2024 9:00 AM UTC

March 25, 2024

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EMEA Outlook: Elections Set the Scene in Q2
Paying Article

March 25, 2024 2:00 PM UTC

·     Unlike South Africa and Russia, Turkiye continued with tightening monetary policy in Q1 due to stubborn inflation, pressure on FX and reserves. Meanwhile, Russia and South Africa halted their tightening cycles as of 2024 and will likely start cutting interest rates in Q3 depending on how

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Outlook Overview: Europe in Focus, Then Elections Around the World
Paying Article

March 25, 2024 11:15 AM UTC

March 22, 2024

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CBR Keeps the Key Rate Constant at 16%
Paying Article

March 22, 2024 10:55 AM UTC

Bottom Line: As we envisaged, Central Bank of Russia (CBR) announced on March 22 that it decided to keep the policy rate unchanged at 16% for the second meeting in a row, despite inflationary pressures remaining elevated, and currency weakening continued. We expect the CBR to hold the key rate stab

March 15, 2024

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Russian Presidential Election: Putin Moves Towards His Fifth Term in Kremlin
Paying Article

March 15, 2024 10:29 AM UTC

Bottom line: We foresee two possible outcomes of Russian presidential election on March 15-17, either a Putin win (99%) or a second round on April 7 (1%), despite the latter has a very small chance to occur. We think Putin will secure his fifth term in Kremlin despite there are alleged concerns that

March 13, 2024

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Russia’s Inflation Remained High at 7.7% in February
Paying Article

March 13, 2024 9:33 PM UTC

Bottom Line: After remaining unchanged at 7.4% YoY in January and December, we saw an uptick in the inflation hitting 7.7% in February. We think stubborn price pressures continue to be strong due to high military spending, currency weakening, tight labour market, high salaries and benefits, and invi

February 29, 2024

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Russia Frozen Assets, Ukraine Reconstruction and G7-BRICS
Paying Article

February 29, 2024 10:55 AM UTC

Bottom Line: A number of proposals to seize or use Russia frozen assets for Ukraine reconstruction are not getting overwhelming support within the G7 and a decision could be delayed until the G7 summit in Italy June 13-15.  Concerns over the legal standing and reputational risk (China has been shif

February 28, 2024

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Strong Growth Trend Continues in Russia
Paying Article

February 28, 2024 5:59 PM UTC

Bottom Line: The Russian economy continued its strong growth trend, and expanded by 4.6% YoY in January 2024, thanks to high defense spending, continued consumer demand and lending, and growing wages, which also ignite increased demand and prices for products and services.

February 16, 2024

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As Expected, CBR Keeps the Key Rate at 16%
Paying Article

February 16, 2024 1:49 PM UTC

Bottom Line: As we predicted, Central Bank of Russia (CBR) announced on February 16 that it decided to keep the policy rate unchanged at 16% after lifting the rate in the last five consecutive MPC meetings, despite inflationary pressures and expectations remaining elevated, domestic demand still out

February 14, 2024

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Russia’s Inflation Remains High at 7.4% in January
Paying Article

February 14, 2024 7:22 PM UTC

Bottom Line: After increasing seven months in a row till December 2023, inflation remained unchanged at 7.4% YoY in January after December. We think stubborn price pressures continue to be strong due to high military spending, currency weakening, tight labour market, high salaries and benefits, and

February 13, 2024

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Ukraine War Update: The Struggle for Western Support
Paying Article

February 13, 2024 9:39 AM UTC

Bottom Line: As we expected, the deadlock in Ukraine continues to hold as of the winter months, and protracted conflict remains active as both sides continue to failure to gain ground. The support to Ukraine from the Western Block remains fragmented despite European Union (EU) leaders unanimously ag

February 09, 2024

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Russian Economy Expanded by a Fast 3.6% in 2023, Rosstat Reports
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February 9, 2024 8:47 AM UTC

Bottom Line: According to Russian Statistics Service’s (Rosstat) announcement, the Russian economy grew by a strong 3.6% in 2023 from a revised 1.2% drop in 2022, thanks to fiscal stimulus, increased defense spending to boost industrial production, continued consumer demand and lending coupled wit

January 31, 2024

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Military Spending is Expected to Boost Russian Economy in 2024
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January 31, 2024 1:08 PM UTC

Bottom Line: Russian war spending continues to boost Russian economy as military analysts expect Russian spending on defense will rise to around 6% of GDP in 2024 from 3.9% in 2023. We foresee Russian GDP to grow by 1.3% in 2024 since strong monetary tightening is expected to suppress demand and s

January 18, 2024

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EM Europe/CIS: Country Risk Ratings

January 18, 2024 10:00 AM UTC

We provide country risk reviews for EM Europe/CIS countries including Russia, Ukraine and Turkey. 

January 12, 2024

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Russia’s Inflation Slightly Slows Down to 7.4% in December
Paying Article

January 12, 2024 10:21 PM UTC

Figure 1: CPI (YoY, % Change) and Policy Rate (%), January 2022 – December 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
According to Rosstat figures, prices of food, non-food products and services rose by 8.16%, 5.96% and 8.33% on an annual basis in December, respectively. The consumer price index (

January 11, 2024

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Webinar Recording December Outlook: Rate Cuts Into 2024
Paying Article

January 11, 2024 8:22 AM UTC

You can now access the webinar for the December Outlook here. 
To read the individual chapters please see the weblink below.  
Outlook Overview: Rate Cuts Into 2024 (here)
U.S. Outlook: Slower Growth to Sustain Improved Inflation Picture (here)
LatAm Outlook: Diverging Paths in 2024 (here)
China Outloo

January 08, 2024

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Charting our Views December Outlook
Freemium Article

January 8, 2024 9:05 AM UTC

Outlook Overview: Rate Cuts Into 2024 (here)
Economic Scenarios 
U.S. Outlook: Slower Growth to Sustain Improved Inflation Picture (here)
LatAm Outlook: Diverging Paths in 2024 (here)
Brazil Policy Rate and CPI Inflation (YoY, %)
China Outlook: Headwinds To China Growth (here)
Japan Outlook: Normalizing

January 02, 2024

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December Outlook: Rate Cuts Into 2024
Paying Article

January 2, 2024 9:53 AM UTC

Outlook Overview: Rate Cuts Into 2024 (here)
U.S. Outlook: Slower Growth to Sustain Improved Inflation Picture (here)
LatAm Outlook: Diverging Paths in 2024 (here)
China Outlook: Headwinds To China Growth (here)
Japan Outlook: Normalizing Monetary Policy Soon (here)
Asia/Pacific (ex-China/Japan) Outlook:

December 19, 2023

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December Outlook: Rate Cuts Into 2024
Paying Article

December 19, 2023 3:15 PM UTC

Japan Outlook: Normalizing Monetary Policy Soon (here)
DM FX Outlook: The Year of the Yen (here)
EM FX Outlook: USD Decline v Inflation Differentials (here)
Technical Analysis Quarterly Chartbook (here)

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EM FX Outlook: USD Decline v Inflation Differentials
Paying Article

December 19, 2023 9:59 AM UTC

·        In spot terms, we see the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR) and Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) rising against the USD as Fed rate cuts narrow interest rate differentials and a move away from an overvalued USD occurs.  Brazilian Real (BRL) and Mexican Peso (MXN) will likely be stable against the USD

December 18, 2023

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Outlook Overview: Rate Cuts Into 2024
Paying Article

December 18, 2023 3:42 PM UTC

·     Uncertainty still prevails around this central view.  The impact of lagged monetary tightening could be greater than our estimates and deliver mild recessions in some DM countries.  We also feel that the disinflationary process could be stronger and this would help bring inflation back

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EMEA Outlook: Inflationary Pressures Remain Strong
Paying Article

December 18, 2023 10:01 AM UTC

Our Forecasts
Source: Continuum Economics
Risks to Our Views
Source: Continuum Economics
EMEA Dynamics:  Inflationary Concerns Remain High
EMEA economies continue to be squeezed by macroeconomic problems such as elevated inflation and financial pressures. We think country specific factors, geopolitics,

December 15, 2023

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Concerned with Accelerating Inflation, CBR Lifted the Key Rate by 100bps to 16%
Paying Article

December 15, 2023 3:47 PM UTC

Figure 1: Policy Rate (%) and CPI (YoY, % Change), December 2021 – December 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
In order to reduce inflation and inflation expectations, and to anchor inflation at the target level, CBR continued its tightening cycle in the fifth consecutive MPC meeting, and

December 08, 2023

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Russia’s Inflation Accelerates to 7.5% in November
Paying Article

December 8, 2023 7:47 PM UTC

Figure 1: Inflation Rate (%, YoY), November 2022 - November 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
According to Rosstat on December 8, prices of food, non-food products and services rose by 1.55%, 0.53% and 1.23% on a monthly basis in November, respectively. The consumer price index (CPI) edged

November 29, 2023

Russian Economy Grows by 5% in October
Paying Article

November 29, 2023 7:11 PM UTC

Figure 1: Industrial Production (%, YoY), October 2020 – October 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
The Russian economy continues to grow fast in 2023 so far, after partly relieved from the negative impacts of the war in Ukraine in 2023. The Russian economy grew by a strong 5% YoY in Octob

November 20, 2023

Ukraine War: Western Support Weakens, Elections on the Horizon, Peace Negotiations Remains Unlikely
Paying Article

November 20, 2023 11:28 AM UTC

Market Implications: The war continues to create an increasing financial burden on Russia due to high military spending in addition to aggravation of staff shortages, elevated inflation, and trade income diminishing due to sanctions. Ukraine's economy continues to contract, inflation surges, and inf

November 16, 2023

Long-term Forecasts to download in Excel
Paying Article

November 16, 2023 10:38 AM UTC

We present our annual forecasts that go out to 2030 for GDP Growth, Inflation, and Monetary Policy and to 2028 for Exchange Rates. The file contains five sheets: a Country Coverage summary page and a sheet for each of the four indicators.
The forecasts are consistent with the Long-term Forecasts: DM

Long-term Forecasts: DM Policy Easing
Paying Article

November 16, 2023 8:44 AM UTC

The Continuum Economics research team has spent much of the last month researching, reviewing and debating our long-term GDP, CPI inflation and central bank policy rate forecasts for 2025-30. Alongside a reassessment of long-term factors such as productivity and demographics, we have examined the la

November 15, 2023

Russian Economy Expands by 5.5% in Q3, Rosstat Reports
Paying Article

November 15, 2023 5:25 PM UTC

Figure 1: GDP Growth (%, YoY), Q3 2020 – Q3 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
The Russian economy continues to grow fast in 2023 so far, after partly relieved from the negative impacts of the war in Ukraine. (Note: Russian GDP decreased by 1.8% in Q1 2023, and grew by 4.9% in Q2.) The mai

November 10, 2023

Russia’s Inflation Stays Strong in October
Paying Article

November 10, 2023 5:06 PM UTC

Figure 1: $/RUB Rate, November 2021 - November 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
According to Rosstat, prices of food, non-food products and services rose by 1.35%, 0.55% and 0.48% on a monthly basis in October, respectively. The consumer price index (CPI) also rose by 0.83% on a monthly b

November 09, 2023

Russia: War Related Sanctions and Shrinking Labor Force Pose Threats to Long Term Growth
Paying Article

November 9, 2023 12:02 PM UTC

Figure 1: Russia GDP Growth Forecasts to 2030 (%) 
Source: Continuum Economics/Datastream
Figure 2: Russia Population Forecasts to 2030 (Thousand)
Source: Continuum Economics/Datastream
Figure 3: Russia Industrial Production Forecast to 2030 
Source: Continuum Economics/Datastream
Technology is also o

November 01, 2023

Russia’s GDP Grew Faster Than Expected in January - September 2023
Paying Article

November 1, 2023 2:23 PM UTC

Figure 1: Industrial Production (%, YoY), October 2018 – September 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
The main accelerator for Russian growth continues to be the surge in the military spending after the war in Ukraine started. Despite there being a pause on territorial advance by Russia o

October 19, 2023

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EM Europe/CIS: Country Risk Ratings

October 19, 2023 10:33 AM UTC

Armenia
Armenia’s overall risk level remains medium high. Vahagn Khachaturyan continues to be the president of Armenia after being in elected in March 2022, after the resignation of his predecessor. Political violence remains medium high and political interference and legal & regulatory risk at a m

October 12, 2023

Russia’s Inflation Surged Fast in September
Paying Article

October 12, 2023 6:05 PM UTC

Figure 1: CPI Inflation Rate (%, YoY), September 2022- September 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
According to Rosstat, prices of food, non-food products and services rose by 0.86%, 1.09% and 0.61% on a monthly basis in September, respectively. The consumer price index (CPI) also hiked by

October 03, 2023

Russia’s Inflation is Expected to Continue to Surge in September
Paying Article

October 3, 2023 7:50 AM UTC

Figure 1: $ to Ruble Rate, September 2022- September 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
After food prices rose by 3.6% in annual terms, the cost of services surged by 9.5% in annual terms and yearly diesel fuel prices hiked by 4.1% in August, we expect rising patterns to continue in Septembe

September 28, 2023

EMEA Outlook: Domestic Factors and Geopolitics Dominate Heading to 2024 Election Year
Paying Article

September 28, 2023 7:45 AM UTC

EMEA Dynamics: Domestic Factors and Geopolitics Continue to Dominate the Outlook during 2024 Election Year
EMEA economies continue to be squeezed by the elevated DM interest rates, high oil and certain food prices, EU and China slowdown. However, country specific factors and geopolitics will continue

September 27, 2023

Russian GDP Grew by 2.1% in January-July 2023
Paying Article

September 27, 2023 3:54 PM UTC

Figure 1: Central Government Deficit/Surplus (in Trillion Rubles), September 2020 - August 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
The predictions for Russian GDP remain positive, despite the ongoing Ukraine war and macroeconomic problems. Underlining strong manufacturing figures, economic devel

September 11, 2023

Inflation Alarming: Russia’s Inflation Surged to 5.2% in August
Paying Article

September 11, 2023 8:10 AM UTC

Figure 1: CPI (%, YoY), January 2021 - August 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
According to Rosstat, food prices rose by 3.58% in annual terms, while prices of non-food products soared by 1.14% on a monthly basis and by 3.5% compared to August 2022. The cost of services surged by 9.54% in

September 08, 2023

Navigating Power Clashes: What to Expect from the G20 Summit in India
Paying Article

September 8, 2023 9:10 AM UTC

The Emergence of BRICS and Changing Dynamics
One significant development to watch is the growing influence of the BRICS nations within the G20 (here). Originally formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa to amplify the voices of emerging economies, BRICS has expanded its membership to

September 01, 2023

Russian GDP Grew by 1.6% in 1H 2023
Paying Article

September 1, 2023 10:03 AM UTC

Figure 1: GDP (%, YoY), Q3 2018 – Q2 2023
Source: Datastream, Continuum Economics
The predictions for Russian GDP remain positive despite the ongoing Ukraine war. Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said on August 26 that Russia's economy is expected to grow by 2.5% or more in 2023. Central Ban